Research projects with paraecologists
A) Overview of programmes, initiatives and organisations
that are currently involving paraecologists:
Area de Conservación Guanacaste (ACG), Costa Rica
|programme of the Area de Conservación Guanacaste (ACG)|
|The Costa Rican parataxonomist programme in the Area de Conservacion Guanacaste (ACG) was initiated in 1989 from a partnership between the non-governmental, non-profit organisation INBio (www.inbio.ac.cr) and the administrative authorities of ACG (www.acguanacaste.ac.cr). The programme implements INBio’s goal of conducting an ambitious national species inventory of Costa Rica’s wildland biodiversity, to try to ensure its conservation through non-damaging uses by society. An important, albeit not principal, use of biodiversity information was bioprospecting, undertaken by a specific team within INBio. This is developed in parallel with the work of conducting the national inventory. Between them, a broad offering of educational projects is aimed at all sectors of society to help promote rapid, self-reinforcing taxonomic literacy and an improved awareness of biodiversity’s. This project was the first initiative to involve formally identified and course-trained parataxonomists into scientific biodiversity inventories.|
Creative Conservation Alliance (CCA), Bangladesh
|The Creative Conservation Alliance (CCA) is a government registered non-profit organization, dedicated to ecological and cultural preservation within Bangladesh’s last remaining wild places. Through our grassroots efforts we empower local people to become stakeholders in their own landscapes. As a critical part of the international Indo-Burma Biodiversity Hotspot-the most threatened Biodiversity Hotspot in the world-these remaining forests offer a refuge for over 26 globally threatened species. Through our comprehensive approach, we empower local people to become stakeholders in their own landscapes.|
Gran Chaco paraecologist project, Bolivia and Paraguay
Kakamega Environmental Education Program (KEEP)
|KEEP is a grass-roots organization, working to save one of the last remaining rainforests in Kenya, through environmental education and creation of awareness among local communities, and development and / or implementation of economic alternatives to the exploitation of forest resources.|
|A Malagasy NGO that started as a grassroots community initiative founded in 1999, Association Mitsinjo works in conservation, nature-based tourism, and development (including agriculture and health). Located in Andasibe, one of the biodiversity hotspots of the eastern Madagascar rainforest corridor, Mitsinjo integrates the protection of prime habitat and the generation of sustainable income for the local population living in and around these areas.
We host visitors and researchers from all around the world, thus encouraging our local staff to stay on top of scientific discovery and have a constant interest in the ecology of the forest they manage. Over the years, Mitsinjo has collected a wealth of knowledge on a wide range of the area’s biodiversity. It is our goal to standardise this large expanse of information and make it scientifically streamlined.
The New Guinea Binatang Research Center
|This paraecologist initiative was started in Madang (Papua New Guinea, PNG) in 1994 as a small team of permanently employed paraecologists assisting studies of plant–herbivore interactions in rainforest ecosystems. The programme has expanded over the past 20 years to include ecological research on plants, insects and vertebrates. Several large research projects have been completed under this programme, including the study of plant–herbivore food webs in tropical forests, monitoring >250,000 individual plants in a 50-ha forest plot, and studies of invertebrate and vertebrate biodiversity and ecosystem change along an altitudinal gradient. The paraecologist team also assists PNG and overseas postgraduate students, works with indigenous landowners on rainforest conservation, and participates in the country’s biodiversity and environmental quality surveys for the PNG government and local industry. The paraecologist team is established as a non-profit organisation (New Guinea Binatang Research Center, BRC) registered in PNG, and working in collaboration with national and overseas academic institutions.|
Tesoro Escondido Reserve, Ecuador
Scientific research generated from within the reserve is a priority and a permanent activity for all the staff. Research projects are carried out by students, researchers and by our parabiologists.
A parabiologist is a person from a local community who is trained to become a research assistant. They undergo a process of permanent tutoring and ends up specializing in one or two topics. Results from research are published and presented by scientists and parabiologists in different national and international forums and journals.
For long term projects we offer research groups the possibility to collect and send data by our parabiologist group (with training in the specific topic).
Some permanent projects we carry out:
– Biodiversity monitoring using camera traps
B) Overview of programmes, initiatives and organisations
that involved paraecologists in the past:
| Project ALAS, Arthropods of La Selva, Costa Rica
|BIOTA Southern Africa||http://www.biota-africa.org/reg_south_paraecol_ba.php|
|BIOTA AFRICA has been jointly invented by African and German researchers aiming at the establishment of research supporting sustainable use and conservation of biodiversity in Africa. From October 2004 until March 2010, the regional network BIOTA Southern Africa employed and trained eight paraecologists. They worked at different sites within the BIOTA Southern Africa research area in Namibia and South Africa.|
The Future Okavango
|The Okavango basin in southern Africa with its variety of savannah woodlands and wetland ecosystems linked by the central lifeline of the Okavango River is a global hot-spot of accelerating change and land use conflicts. The river has its source in the rainy highlands of Angola and terminates in the Okavango Delta, the world's largest inland delta and the largest freshwater swamp south of the equator. The Future Okavango project analyses ecosystem functions and services within this trans-boundary basin of high international visibility and high potential transferability of results to other tropical and sub-tropical regions.|
The Future Okavango project employs and trains three paraecologists, based in Angola, Botswana and Namibia, respectively.
Groen Sebenza Paraecologists
|Project ALAS began in late 1991. An existing structure at La Selva Biological Station was remodeled as an entomological laboratory dedicated to the project. Danilo Brenes and Ronald Vargas were chosen from among more than 50 applicants from communities surrounding La Selva to attend the National Biodiversity Institute (INBio) 6-month Parataxonomist course in 1992. (Parataxonomists are rapidly trained biologists who assist INBio in the national inventory process.) Later, Maylin Paniagua and Nelci Oconotrillo joined the project as Biodiversity Technicians and were trained by visiting taxonomic collaborators.|